Top News Headlines - Friday, April 25

Sweden's newborn screening program for congenital adrenal hyperplasia is proving 'highly effective' in detecting the potentially lethal salt-wasting form of the disease and thereby reducing deaths.

A significant proportion of patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has evidence of mitochondrial dysfunction on magnetic resonance studies, in a study that one expert called 'fascinating.'

Young people with epilepsy are more likely than kids without the neurological disorder to suffer broken bones or burns, a new large study from England finds.

Strongest correlation seen for first trimester; link also seen for developmental disorder.

Preschoolers with depressive syndrome run a significantly increased risk for major depression later in childhood.

Physicians must be prepared to explain the risks and benefits of vaccinations

Most medical devices that have been recently approved for use in pediatrics weren't actually tested on kids first, according to a new study.

Fussy and demanding babies are likely to spend slightly more time plopped in front of a TV or computer screen when they're toddlers than are "easier" babies, new research finds.

Different childhood asthma phenotypes respond differently to inhaled anti-inflammatory medications, suggesting a need for differential treatment strategies.

Energy drinks are associated with many health problems. But still, young people think they are safe to consume. One professor says poor labeling and lack of education are to blame.

The American Academy of Pediatrics offers advice on preventing and treating poisonings.

Twice-daily dosing of oral amoxicillin is as effective as a three-times-a-day approach in treating mild pediatric pneumonia, according to Brazilian researchers.

Prefabricated fitted foot orthoses may reduce pain and improve quality of life among children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).

Poor body image behind both behaviors, expert says

Noninvasive methods for screening pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes for peripheral diabetic neuropathy (DN) have low sensitivity.

Cases rarely led to jail time, but children in the home felt intense fear, anxiety, researcher noted

The iPad app strives to put the fun in treating binocular dysfunction in preschool children.

Data published in the CDC's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report revealed few overweight and obese children receive recommended screenings for obesity-linked conditions.

U.S. childhood obesity rates have increased over the past 14 years, according to a study published on Monday, casting doubt on a recent analysis by government health researchers that found a sharp drop in preschool obesity rates over the past decade.

Pregnant women may face increased risk for early-term delivery during heat waves, according to a large new study from Canada. Researchers analyzed data from 300,000 births in Montreal between 1981 and 2010, and also looked at summer temperatures that occurred during those years.

Live vaccines may be safe for individuals with mild to moderate immunosuppression related to DiGeorge syndrome, according to a retrospective study.

Findings add evidence to support the American Academy of Pediatrics' infant circumcision policy

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for parents of children with cerebral palsy reduced dysfunctional parenting styles and child hyperactivity.

Study found those with lower cortisol levels were more likely to crash

Routine addition of an aminoglycoside to a beta-lactam as empirical therapy for children with Gram-negative bacteremia may not be helpful except in those with risk factors for MDRGN organisms.

At age 20, half of patients report having a six-month symptom- and treatment-free period

A recent study found that the risk of infant death among obese pregnant women was higher than the risk for children of normal weight women. The study's findings do not mean that obesity causes the higher risk in children. It could be that other health conditions related to obesity also present risks to the mother's child.

Staff from local hospitals using a newborn simulator mannequin to help them anticipate and respond to emergency situations. The mannequin, known as Newborn HAL, mimics a full-term baby at birth. The interactive simulator looks and sounds like the real thing, from the way it cries, its heart beats and even the way its skin coloring changes.

The results of a recent clinical trial, published in JAMA Pediatrics, also found L. reuteri to be effective, but in that study the probiotic was used as a preventive measure. Specifically, the authors examined whether daily use of L. reuteri during the first three months of life would reduce the onset of colic, constipation, and gastroesophageal reflux in term newborn infants.

Strangers offer a simple yet powerful service for newborns too tiny or sick to go home. When nurses are swamped with other patients and parents cannot make it to the hospital, grandmas, empty-nesters, college students, and other volunteers step in. Scientific evidence on benefits of cuddling programs is scarce, but the benefits of human touch are well-known.

Early provision of hearing aids supports better speech, language development

Identifying the cause of brain injury among newborns could help doctors develop new prevention strategies, according to a joint report from two leading groups of U.S. obstetricians and pediatricians.

A multifaceted approach kept newborn premature infants in the desired temperature range and reduced complications including intubation, according to a recent study published online March 31 in Pediatrics.

Circumcision for male infants is becoming less common in the U.S., according to new data published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings. The paper also finds that over their lifetime, half of all uncircumcised males will contract a medical condition related to their foreskin.

Banning smoking in public places has helped to cut premature births by 10 percent, according to new research from the United States and Europe. A study in The Lancet medical journal found that while the impact of anti-smoking laws varies between countries, the overall effect on child health around the world is positive.

Babies who have a high birth weight have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease in adulthood, a new study has found. Researchers from Australia's University of Sydney said about 10% of newborns are considered to have a high birth weight.

Children who are born prematurely are more likely to have problems with maths, according to research. A new study, by researchers at Warwick University and Ruhr-University Bochum, in Germany, has found that youngsters who are born before 32 weeks gestation are three and a half times more likely to have difficulties with the subject later on than those who were born at full term. Those who were born at around 32 to 33 weeks were around twice as likely to have problems with everyday maths, it suggests.

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Current Pediatric Highlights
Latest CE/CME Lectures
Evolving Paradigms in the Management of VUR
Antoine Khoury, MD, FRCSC, FAAP
Date Posted:  April 23, 2014
Anesthetic Agents and the Developing Brain
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Diabetes Education for the Primary Care Provider
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Kristel Holmblad MD, MPH
Date Posted:  April 2, 2014
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Latest CE/CME Lectures
Hypoxic Respiratory Failure in the Newborn
Dr. Donald M. Null, MD
Date Posted:April 23, 2014
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Non-Genetic Causes of Congenital Defects: Maternal Factors
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Date Posted: February 28, 2014
The Anatomy of a Complication
Elizabeth Sharpe, DNP, ARNP, NNP-BC, VA-BC, NNP
Paula Timoney, DNP, ARNP, NNP-BC
Date Posted: February 17, 2014
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