iPad App Effective for Treating Amblyopia in Children
The iPad app strives to put the fun in treating binocular dysfunction in preschool children.
U.S. childhood obesity rates have increased since 1999: study
U.S. childhood obesity rates have increased over the past 14 years, according to a study published on Monday, casting doubt on a recent analysis by government health researchers that found a sharp drop in preschool obesity rates over the past decade.
Heat Waves Tied to Higher Rates of Early-Term Deliveries: Canadian study found odds of birth at 37-38 weeks rose during 90-degree spells
Pregnant women may face increased risk for early-term delivery during heat waves, according to a large new study from Canada. Researchers analyzed data from 300,000 births in Montreal between 1981 and 2010, and also looked at summer temperatures that occurred during those years.
Live Vaccines Safe for Many DiGeorge Syndrome Patients
Live vaccines may be safe for individuals with mild to moderate immunosuppression related to DiGeorge syndrome, according to a retrospective study.
Benefits of Neonatal Circumcision Outweigh Risks
Findings add evidence to support the American Academy of Pediatrics' infant circumcision policy
Cerebral Palsy: Parenting Support Lowers Behavioral Problems
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for parents of children with cerebral palsy reduced dysfunctional parenting styles and child hyperactivity.
Stress Hormone May Drive Risk-Taking by Teen Motorists
Study found those with lower cortisol levels were more likely to crash
Single Drug May Suffice for Gram-Negative Bacteremia in Kids
Routine addition of an aminoglycoside to a beta-lactam as empirical therapy for children with Gram-negative bacteremia may not be helpful except in those with risk factors for MDRGN organisms.
Atopic Dermatitis Symptoms Persist Through Childhood (CME)
At age 20, half of patients report having a six-month symptom- and treatment-free period
The Importance of Healthy Pregnancy Weight: Obesity in pregnant women linked to higher odds of infant death
A recent study found that the risk of infant death among obese pregnant women was higher than the risk for children of normal weight women. The study's findings do not mean that obesity causes the higher risk in children. It could be that other health conditions related to obesity also present risks to the mother's child.
Infant simulator mimics neonatal emergencies
Staff from local hospitals using a newborn simulator mannequin to help them anticipate and respond to emergency situations. The mannequin, known as Newborn HAL, mimics a full-term baby at birth. The interactive simulator looks and sounds like the real thing, from the way it cries, its heart beats and even the way its skin coloring changes.
Probiotics can help premature infants, research shows
The results of a recent clinical trial, published in JAMA Pediatrics, also found L. reuteri to be effective, but in that study the probiotic was used as a preventive measure. Specifically, the authors examined whether daily use of L. reuteri during the first three months of life would reduce the onset of colic, constipation, and gastroesophageal reflux in term newborn infants.
Cuddlers Soothe Babies Too Sick, Tiny To Go Home
Strangers offer a simple yet powerful service for newborns too tiny or sick to go home. When nurses are swamped with other patients and parents cannot make it to the hospital, grandmas, empty-nesters, college students, and other volunteers step in. Scientific evidence on benefits of cuddling programs is scarce, but the benefits of human touch are well-known.
Hearing Aid Use in Children With Mild Loss Improves Speech
Early provision of hearing aids supports better speech, language development
Hypothermia in Preemies Reduced With Quality Care Initiative
Warmed caps, occlusive wraps, exothermic mattresses, and steady operating room temperatures kept premature infants in the desired temperature range and reduced complications.
Spotting Cause of Newborn Brain Injury Could Aid Prevention, Report Says
Some cases of neonatal encephalopathy may be preventable.
New CDC study finds dramatic increase in e-cigarette-related calls to poison centers
Rapid rise highlights need to monitor nicotine exposure through e-cigarette liquid and prevent future poisonings
Dental Treatment by Pediatricians Effective for Kids
Primary care physicians can reduce tooth decay in indigent children with fluoride varnish, oral health education, exams, and referrals.
Spotting Cause of Newborn Brain Injury Could Aid Prevention, Report Says: Some cases of neonatal encephalopathy may be preventable
Identifying the cause of brain injury among newborns could help doctors develop new prevention strategies, according to a joint report from two leading groups of U.S. obstetricians and pediatricians.
A multifaceted approach kept newborn premature infants in the desired temperature range and reduced complications including intubation, according to a recent study published online March 31 in Pediatrics.
Infant circumcision is becoming less common in the US, but why?
Research published by the Mayo Clinic provides evidence in support of the controversial practice of circumcision, but it also finds that rates of infant circumcision are falling.
Circumcision rates declining in U.S., study says
Circumcision for male infants is becoming less common in the U.S., according to new data published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings. The paper also finds that over their lifetime, half of all uncircumcised males will contract a medical condition related to their foreskin.
Root-Cause Analysis Advised for Neonatal Encephalopathy
All factors should be assessed, including maternal history, obstetric factors, placental pathology.
NIH-funded atlas details gene activity of the prenatal human brain, offers clues to psychiatric disorders
A comprehensive three-dimensional atlas of the developing human brain that incorporates gene activity along with anatomical reference atlases and neuroimaging data has released its first major report online today in Nature.
More Evidence That Probiotics Won't Ease Baby's Colic
Parents gave Lactobacillus reuteri to colicky infants in study.
More evidence parents should monitor kids' media diet
Parents who closely monitored their children's media consumption helped them get more sleep, improve their academic performance and lessen their aggression.
Azithromycin Eye Drops Effective for Purulent Bacterial Conjunctivitis in Children
Azithromycin 1.5% eye drops twice daily appears to clear purulent bacterial conjunctivitis in children faster than tobramycin 0.3% every two hours.
Topamax Approval for Migraines Expanded to Younger Users
Adolescents ages 12 to 17 can now take the drug, FDA says.
Daily, vigorous exercise helps kids get or stay fit
A nine-month after-school exercise program helped young kids lose body fat and improve heart and lung strength compared to kids who didn't do the program.
Decline in preterm births and asthma linked with smoking bans
The first analysis to assess the impact of smoking bans on children's health reveals that introduction of smoke-free laws is linked with decreased rates of preterm births.
Smoking bans cut premature births and child asthma attacks
Banning smoking in public places has helped to cut premature births by 10 percent, according to new research from the United States and Europe. A study in The Lancet medical journal found that while the impact of anti-smoking laws varies between countries, the overall effect on child health around the world is positive.
Many Kids May Have High Cholesterol, Regardless of Weight
About one of three Texas kids screened for cholesterol between the ages of 9 and 11 had borderline or high cholesterol, potentially placing them at greater risk for future cardiovascular disease.
Big babies at risk of cardiovascular disease
Babies who have a high birth weight have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease in adulthood, a new study has found. Researchers from Australia's University of Sydney said about 10% of newborns are considered to have a high birth weight.
Birthweight link to maths problems
Children who are born prematurely are more likely to have problems with maths, according to research. A new study, by researchers at Warwick University and Ruhr-University Bochum, in Germany, has found that youngsters who are born before 32 weeks gestation are three and a half times more likely to have difficulties with the subject later on than those who were born at full term. Those who were born at around 32 to 33 weeks were around twice as likely to have problems with everyday maths, it suggests.