Top News Headlines - Wednesday, April 16

The iPad app strives to put the fun in treating binocular dysfunction in preschool children.

U.S. childhood obesity rates have increased over the past 14 years, according to a study published on Monday, casting doubt on a recent analysis by government health researchers that found a sharp drop in preschool obesity rates over the past decade.

Pregnant women may face increased risk for early-term delivery during heat waves, according to a large new study from Canada. Researchers analyzed data from 300,000 births in Montreal between 1981 and 2010, and also looked at summer temperatures that occurred during those years.

Live vaccines may be safe for individuals with mild to moderate immunosuppression related to DiGeorge syndrome, according to a retrospective study.

Findings add evidence to support the American Academy of Pediatrics' infant circumcision policy

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for parents of children with cerebral palsy reduced dysfunctional parenting styles and child hyperactivity.

Study found those with lower cortisol levels were more likely to crash

Routine addition of an aminoglycoside to a beta-lactam as empirical therapy for children with Gram-negative bacteremia may not be helpful except in those with risk factors for MDRGN organisms.

At age 20, half of patients report having a six-month symptom- and treatment-free period

A recent study found that the risk of infant death among obese pregnant women was higher than the risk for children of normal weight women. The study's findings do not mean that obesity causes the higher risk in children. It could be that other health conditions related to obesity also present risks to the mother's child.

Staff from local hospitals using a newborn simulator mannequin to help them anticipate and respond to emergency situations. The mannequin, known as Newborn HAL, mimics a full-term baby at birth. The interactive simulator looks and sounds like the real thing, from the way it cries, its heart beats and even the way its skin coloring changes.

The results of a recent clinical trial, published in JAMA Pediatrics, also found L. reuteri to be effective, but in that study the probiotic was used as a preventive measure. Specifically, the authors examined whether daily use of L. reuteri during the first three months of life would reduce the onset of colic, constipation, and gastroesophageal reflux in term newborn infants.

Strangers offer a simple yet powerful service for newborns too tiny or sick to go home. When nurses are swamped with other patients and parents cannot make it to the hospital, grandmas, empty-nesters, college students, and other volunteers step in. Scientific evidence on benefits of cuddling programs is scarce, but the benefits of human touch are well-known.

Early provision of hearing aids supports better speech, language development

Warmed caps, occlusive wraps, exothermic mattresses, and steady operating room temperatures kept premature infants in the desired temperature range and reduced complications.

Some cases of neonatal encephalopathy may be preventable.

Rapid rise highlights need to monitor nicotine exposure through e-cigarette liquid and prevent future poisonings

Primary care physicians can reduce tooth decay in indigent children with fluoride varnish, oral health education, exams, and referrals.

Identifying the cause of brain injury among newborns could help doctors develop new prevention strategies, according to a joint report from two leading groups of U.S. obstetricians and pediatricians.

A multifaceted approach kept newborn premature infants in the desired temperature range and reduced complications including intubation, according to a recent study published online March 31 in Pediatrics.

Research published by the Mayo Clinic provides evidence in support of the controversial practice of circumcision, but it also finds that rates of infant circumcision are falling.

Circumcision for male infants is becoming less common in the U.S., according to new data published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings. The paper also finds that over their lifetime, half of all uncircumcised males will contract a medical condition related to their foreskin.

All factors should be assessed, including maternal history, obstetric factors, placental pathology.

A comprehensive three-dimensional atlas of the developing human brain that incorporates gene activity along with anatomical reference atlases and neuroimaging data has released its first major report online today in Nature.

Parents gave Lactobacillus reuteri to colicky infants in study.

Parents who closely monitored their children's media consumption helped them get more sleep, improve their academic performance and lessen their aggression.

Azithromycin 1.5% eye drops twice daily appears to clear purulent bacterial conjunctivitis in children faster than tobramycin 0.3% every two hours.

Adolescents ages 12 to 17 can now take the drug, FDA says.

A nine-month after-school exercise program helped young kids lose body fat and improve heart and lung strength compared to kids who didn't do the program.

The first analysis to assess the impact of smoking bans on children's health reveals that introduction of smoke-free laws is linked with decreased rates of preterm births.

Banning smoking in public places has helped to cut premature births by 10 percent, according to new research from the United States and Europe. A study in The Lancet medical journal found that while the impact of anti-smoking laws varies between countries, the overall effect on child health around the world is positive.

About one of three Texas kids screened for cholesterol between the ages of 9 and 11 had borderline or high cholesterol, potentially placing them at greater risk for future cardiovascular disease.

Babies who have a high birth weight have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease in adulthood, a new study has found. Researchers from Australia's University of Sydney said about 10% of newborns are considered to have a high birth weight.

Children who are born prematurely are more likely to have problems with maths, according to research. A new study, by researchers at Warwick University and Ruhr-University Bochum, in Germany, has found that youngsters who are born before 32 weeks gestation are three and a half times more likely to have difficulties with the subject later on than those who were born at full term. Those who were born at around 32 to 33 weeks were around twice as likely to have problems with everyday maths, it suggests.

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